Turkey’s Chickpea Exports In Turkey, “Support Payment for Crop Production” is made by determining the procedures and principles for supporting farmers in order to increase crop production, increase yield and quality, ensure sustainability and develop environmentally friendly alternative agricultural techniques. Turkey Agricultural Basins Production and Support Model Difference Payment Chickpea Subsidies In 2020, 50 krş/kg, in places where groundwater insufficiency is determined by the Ministry, it has been determined as an additional 50% support to the difference payment support for chickpeas cultivated. Domestic certified seed usage support is 20 TL/da, diesel is 22 TL/da, fertilizer support is 8TL/da, organic farming support is 40 TL/da for chickpea, which is among the 2nd category products, product certificate is 40 TL/da, product certificate producer group is 20 TL. It is determined as /da. In 2020, an increase of 69.1% was achieved in the total amount of support given for the production of 1 kg of chickpeas compared to 2016.
Among the 9 types of legumes grown in Turkey, chickpea is the most produced. According to TUIK data, in 2020, legumes were cultivated on an area of approximately 8.7 million decares and 1.3 million tons were produced. Consumption per capita has varied between 4.9-5.8 kg/year in the last 5 years and was determined as 4.9 kg/year in 2019. In the 2019-2020 marketing year, the qualification rate increased by 11.8% compared to the previous year and reached 127.5%. While chickpea cultivation area constitutes 48.6% of the total legume cultivation area, chickpea production constitutes 48.5% of the total legume production amount.
Among the countries that have a say in imports and exports in the world, there has been a decrease in the cultivation areas of 5% in Canada and 39% in the USA in 2020, due to the fact that the producer’s preferences are directed to other products and the stocks cannot be melted. In Australia, with the improvement of climatic conditions, there has been an increase of 90% in cultivation areas and 162% in production. As a result of the drought in Mexico, there was a 46% decrease in cultivation areas. On the other hand, it is expected that there will be a 36% decrease in total cultivation areas in countries with a coast to the Black Sea(2). Turkey has been an increasing net exporter of chickpeas every year since 2018, and it is expected to maintain the same potential in this production season. Most of the imported chickpeas are produced by the private sector, which is a variety of high-caliber chickpeas of 10 mm and above, intended for private consumption.